4 Stages of Team Building and How to Build a Successful Team

You come to realize that, by involving yourself, they’re burdened by an apprehension to speak up and would rather spend time rectifying the situation. In this meeting, you take notes from each team member and apply these to your team principles. This way, each employee knows they can trust you, and each other going forward. You recognize that your team is new, and want them to feel supported, motivated and psychologically safe.

  • Given these conflicting feelings, individual and team morale may rise or fall throughout the ending stage.
  • A good team leader will not only know each stage, but what exactly to facilitate for each stage so that they can reach the final stage quickly and with the best results.
  • Chris then asks the team to come up with as many crazy solutions as possible.
  • They accept others as they are and make an effort to move on.
  • The team may find that this is an appropriate time for an evaluation of team processes and productivity.
  • Acknowledging headway re-energizes and motivates the team and helps prevent burnout.

The intuitive mind allows individuals to identify what they’re feeling. Often the logical mind works within defined biases or other constraints. Intuition recognizes signals outside of the logical filters. As you progress through the team building process, you should periodically measure your team’s growth.

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There is potential for conflict at this stage if the team leader fails to manage disagreements and strong personalities, which can be destructive to overall efforts. This is why it is essential that teams establish good relationships and trust during the forming stage of team building. This ensures that roles and responsibilities are clear to reduce the risk of employees getting frustrated by the lack of progress. Even for an established group, reviewing the four stages of team building is important to maintain morale and cohesion, thereby maintaining successful performance. Let’s take a look at Tuckman’s Four Stages of Team Building and how these can be achieved in your office. Understanding the team building stages helps a leader guide groups through the team development process.

4 stages of team building

These activities aim to create camaraderie and unity in new teams. In existing teams, office team building activities will enhance friendships and collaboration. Norms are only effective in controlling behaviors when they are accepted by team members. The level of cohesiveness on the team primarily determines whether team members accept and conform to norms. Team cohesiveness is the extent that members are attracted to the team and are motivated to remain in the team. Members of highly cohesive teams value their membership, are committed to team activities, and gain satisfaction from team success.

Company Culture

Chris thanks Julie for honestly sharing her thoughts and states this is why she’s a valuable member. Here is a list of ways to celebrate with a virtual team, and ideas for recognizing employee of the month. There are loads of ways to grow a company – learn about our approach here. Embrace transparency, foster a sense of belonging, form connections – and have fun along the way. Remove obstacles by coordinating tightly with adjacent and upstream teams.

4 stages of team building

The leader of the team will then describe the tasks to the group, describe the different behaviours to the group and how to deal and handle complaints. Tolerance of each team member and their differences should be emphasized; without tolerance and patience the team will fail. This phase can become destructive to the team and will lower motivation if allowed to get out of control. Some teams will never develop past this 4 stages of team building stage; however, disagreements within the team can make members stronger, more versatile, and able to work more effectively together. Supervisors during this phase may be more accessible, but tend to remain directive in their guidance of decision-making and professional behaviour. The team members will therefore resolve their differences and members will be able to participate with one another more comfortably.

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Their focus may shift from the tasks at hand to feelings of frustration or anger with the team’s progress or process. Members may express concerns about being unable to meet the team’s goals. During the Storming stage, members are trying to see how the team will respond to differences and how it will handle conflict. The principal work for the team during the Forming stage is to create a team with clear structure, goals, direction and roles so that members begin to build trust.

Any major change in a performing team can bring it back to one of the earlier phases. Great teams get through these stages fast, but others can take months or even years. It’s part of the natural process of developing amazing teams. Bruce Tuckman, a researcher of group dynamics, developed the stages of team building. These phases are a way to understand why groups behave in certain ways.

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Since people generally want to be accepted by others, during this period they usually avoid conflict and disagreement. Team members may begin to work on their tasks independently, not yet focused on their relationships with fellow team members. Good managers give employees space and autonomy to move through the team building process naturally. However, leaders can nudge employees towards the next stages, for instance, by mediating conflicts or initiating evaluations and feedback sessions.

4 stages of team building

The best leaders assume a coaching role and point teams in the right direction instead of spelling out the answers for employees. During the Storming stage, team members may argue or become critical of the team’s original mission or goals. Office team building activities are ideas or events that help coworkers develop relationships.

Clarify roles and responsibilities

In this activity, you can tell some change-related words like “alteration”, “conversion”, etc., one by one. Then, the participants should respond to each word by moving forward if it induces a positive response or backward if it induces a negative response. In this activity, the participants need to plan a trip with the help of available resources. For this, you need to provide them a map of any location and also a list of information such as type of car, price of fuel, etc.

Though some people might refer to the forming stage as “the honeymoon stage” of team building, it more closely resembles a first date. Teammates meet, discover group member strengths and weaknesses, explore the basics of the project, and form group goals. Group members designate roles and delegate responsibilities with help from team leaders. The storming stage is where teams address how they will function together, bring ideas to the table and compete for responsibility.

The 4 Stages of Team Development

By recognizing that your hard work produces results, you inspire your employees towards continued excellence. However, you need to praise the achievements in a timely manner so that employees can feel the full benefits. This step ties in with clarifying roles and responsibilities.

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